In the coming weeks, up to 10,000 horses are scheduled to be shot from helicopters on Tempe Downs Station in the Northern Territory of Australia. The Waler Horse Society of Australia Inc. (WHSA), along with numerous other animal welfare groups, believes aerial culling is an inhumane approach to population control of horses running wild in the Australian outback. This method has previously been shown to leave a proportion of horses suffering due to non-fatal wounding and the difficulty in killing humanely when firing from a moving vehicle. Aerial culling of horses could also have significant unintended/undesirable ecological consequences. Large numbers of rotting horse carcases could lead to a rise in wild dog/dingo, fox and cat populations which would in turn pose additional risks to other commercial livestock and more vulnerable native species.