The Current Situation for Brumbies across Australia

VICTORIA

Have three separate Brumby populations in Barmah, Bogong High Plains & the East VicAlps.

Barmah National Park (Adjacent to the Murray River)

View Barmah Brumby gallery

Managed by:        
The Yorta Yorta Corporation and Parks Victoria 

Current Brumby plans:  
The Yorta Yorta Joint Management Plan for Barmah National Park, and Parks Victoria Protection of Floodplain Marshes Barmah National Park and Barmah Forest Ramsar Site 2020 – 2023

Inhabited area for:        
150 plus years

Population size 2020:    
150-300 

Current position:          
Critically threatened (ALL Brumbies to be exterminated by Christmas 2021; Decreed by Vic government, Parks Victoria and the Yorta Yorta Corporation,

Culling methods:           
Trap to rehome capacity & ground shoot ALL Brumbies not rehomed.

Stakeholder Groups:     
Barmah Brumby Preservation Group (BBPG)
Barmah Hay Angels (BHA) 
Plus others

ABA lobby position:      
Retain 150-200 Barmah Brumbies, managed by Fertility Control.

Bogong High Plains (most southern part of the Australian Alps)

View Bogong Brumby Gallery

Managed by:                
Parks Victoria 

Current Brumby plan:   
Protection Alpine National Park Feral Horse Strategic Action Plan 2018–2021 

Inhabited area for:        
200 plus years.

Population size 2020:    
84 plus (same area carried over 1,000 horses, cattle and sheep to around the end of 1999. All grazing ceased by 1999 and the area destocked, leaving 200 or so Brumbies behind.  Parks Victoria started trapping for rehoming but many ended at abattoirs. Current plan is to exterminate all Brumbies.

Current position:          
Critically threatened (ALL Brumbies to be exterminated by Christmas 2021; Decreed by Vic government and Parks Victoria.

Culling methods:          
Trap to rehoming capacity and ground shoot ALL Brumbies not rehomed.

Stakeholder Groups:     
Victorian Brumby Association (VBA) 
Plus others. 

ABA lobby position:      
Retain Barmah Brumby population between 150-200.

East VicAlps:  (SE VicAlps to NSW Kosciuszko border)

View East Alps Brumby Gallery

Managed by:          
Parks Victoria 

Current Brumby plan:   
Protection Alpine National Park Feral Horse Strategic Action Plan 2018–2021 https://s3.ap-southeast-2.amazonaws.com/hdp.au.prod.app.vic-engage.files/8815/2757/7404/Alpine-NP-Feral-Horse-SAP-2018-21.pdf

Inhabited area for:        
200 plus years

Population size 2020:    
Approx. 2,000 (last count 5,000 is disputed by locals and around 2,000 have been culled by trapping, aerial and ground shooting since February 2020

Current position:          
Critically threatened (ALL Brumbies to be exterminated by Christmas 2021; Decreed by Vic government and Parks Victoria.

Culling methods:          
Trap to rehoming capacity and ground shoot ALL Brumbies not rehomed.

Stakeholder Groups:     
Victorian Brumby Association (VBA)
Plus others. 

ABA lobby position:      
Retention of 1,500 to 2,000 Brumbies in sustainable areas that ensure key sub populations are retained at genetically viable levels.

NEW SOUTH WALES (NSW)

Main areas are Kosciuszko national park, Guy Fawkes River National Park plus other small areas. 

Bago-Maragle State Forest

Managed by:      
Forest Corporation https://www.forestrycorporation.com.au/visit/forests/bago

Current Brumby plan:   
Managed by the Forest Corporation using passive trapping

Inhabited area for:        
150-200 years

Population size 2020:    
Approx. 1,000 (down from 2,616 in 2014)

Current position:          
Threatened due to fires, ongoing trapping & unauthorised Brumby kills

Culling methods            
Passive trapping ongoing, but reports of unauthorised Brumby kills.

Stakeholder Groups:     
Victorian Brumby Association (VBA)
Help Our Old Friends Survive (HOOFs2010)
Plus others 

ABA lobby position:      TBC

Guy Fawkes River National Park

Managed by:      
National Parks & Wildlife Services (NPWS) https://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/

Current Brumby plan:   
Trapping & rehoming.  NPWS Horse Reference Committee established after the aerial slaughter of horses in 2000 meet yearly with stakeholders & land owners to oversee and plan future management.

Inhabited area for:        
150 years.  Horses drafted for the remount trade in both WW1 and WW1 

Population size 2020
Varies according to seasonal changes, last aerial count approx. 1800 horses 

Current position:          
Plans are underway to recommence passive trapping and rehoming, delays due to COVID in 2020

Culling methods:          
Currently passive trapping

Stakeholder Groups:     
Guy Fawkes Heritage Horse assoc.
Save the Brumbies (STB)

ABA lobby position:      
Populations needs to be managed to sustainable levels by passive trapping and fertility control.

Kosciuszko National Park

View Kosciuszko Brumby Gallery

Managed by link:          
National Parks & Wildlife Services (NPWS) https://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/

Current Brumby plan:   
https://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/research-and-publications/publications-search/2008-kosciuszko-national-park-horse-management-plan  (2008 horse plan)

Inhabited area for:        
Over 200 years.

Population size 2020:    
Approx.20,000 (last count 6,000)disputed by many local and others. Around 420 removed by trapping and trapping to continue under the 20

Current position:          
Kosciuszko Wild Horse Heritage Act 2018 is in operation see link https://www.legislation.nsw.gov.au/view/pdf/asmade/act-2018-24 per the Act, the Community and the Scientific advisory panels are now finalising their recommendations to the NSW Environment Minister.

Culling methods:          
Currently passive trapping for Rehomer collection, those not collected are sent to abattoirs.

Stakeholder groups:      
Victorian Brumby Association (VBA)
Plus others

ABA lobby position:      
Retention of 3,000 – 5,000 total, in sustainable areas that ensure key sub Brumby populations (i.e. Kiandra) are retained at genetically viable levels.

QUEENSLAND (QLD) 

Carnarvon National Park

Managed by:      
Parks & Forests https://parks.des.qld.gov.au/parks/carnarvon-gorge

Current Brumby plan:   
Aerial shooting on a regular basis

Inhabited area for:        
150-200 years

Population size 2020:    
In the thousands

Current position:          
Aerial shooting on a regular basis

Culling methods:          
Aerial shooting on a regular basis

Stakeholder Groups:     
None known of.

ABA lobby position:      
Identify a sustainable number for the area and manage to that level by fertility control where possible.

Toolara/Tuan State Forest

View Toolara/Tuan Brumby gallery

Managed by:      
Queensland Parks & Wildlife Service (QPWS) https://parks.des.qld.gov.au/parks/tuan/about

Current Brumby plan:   
Passive trapping to remove Brumbies close to main highways & rehome.

Inhabited area for:        
From early 1940s (Zabek 2015 PhD Thesis)

Population size 2020:    
2,500

Current position:          
Passive trapping to remove Brumbies close to main highways & rehome.

Culling methods:          
Passive trapping & rehome.

Stakeholder Groups:     
SEQ Brumby Assoc. (SEQBA)
Plus others 

ABA lobby position:      
Identify a sustainable number for the area and manage to that level by fertility control where possible and continue trapping Brumbies living to close to the main highways and at high risk of collision with vehicles.

Beerburrum State Forest

Managed by:      
Queensland Parks & Wildlife Service (QPWS) https://parks.des.qld.gov.au/parks/beerburrum-beerwah/about

Current Brumby plan:   
Passive trapping to remove Brumbies close to main highways & rehome.

Inhabited area for:        
From the 1940s according to local knowledge

Population size 2020:    
80 to 100 brumbies. Capture and rehoming horses at high risk of collision with vehicles and fencing the methods used.  

Current position:          
Passive trapping to remove Brumbies close to main highways & rehome.

Culling methods:          
Fencing, Passive trapping & rehoming.

Stakeholder Groups:     
SEQ Brumby Assoc. (SEQBA)
Plus others 

ABA lobby position:      
Identify a sustainable number for the area and manage to that level by fertility control where possible and continue trapping Brumbies living to close to the main highways and at high risk of collision with vehicles.

Clement State Forest

Managed by & link:      
Forestry

Current Brumby plan:   
Passive trapping for rehoming trialled but not sustained. Since then periodic aerial shoots leaving no Brumbies, much resisted by local landholders.

Inhabited area for:        
150 plus years

Population size 2020:    
Was a small population which has been decimated by aerial shooting.

Current position:          
No Brumbies in Clement State Park to our knowledge.

Culling methods:          
N/A

Stakeholder Groups:     
Local landholders

ABA lobby position:      
Appreciate the trial trap for rehoming program that (QPWS) supported a few years ago. But when trapping ceased this small population should have been managed by local landholders, but instead they were all aerial shot. 

SOUTH AUSTRALIA (SA) 

Coffin Bay Brumbies

View Coffin Bay Brumby gallery

Managed by & link:      
Coffin Bay Brumby Preservation society (CBBPS) after the SA government reneged on its decision to have CBBPS manage this small population within their homeland Coffin Bay park. See http://www.coffinbaybrumby.org/

Current Brumby plan:   
With little notice, CBBPS had to trap and remove ALL Coffin Bay Brumbies before the government went in shooting.

Inhabited area for:        
180 years (Note: in 2003 the ponies were evicted by the South Australian government and would have been all shot, but the Coffin Bay group lobbies hard to remove them all to a nearby property. Check Coffin Bay website for more information on their rich history.

Population size 2020:   
 In the 100s, now small number are managed wild on private land by CBBPS

Current position:          
Managed as wild ponies on private land by CBBPS

Culling methods:          
N/A

Stakeholder Group:       
Coffin Bay Brumby Preservation Society

ABA lobby position:      
To lobby SA governments to allow the Coffin Bay Brumbies back into their original homeland Coffin Bay park and continued to be managed by CBBPS.

WESTERN AUSTRALIA (WA) 

Managed by & link:      
Add hoc management mainly using aerial shooting.

Current Brumby plan:   
Add hoc management mainly using aerial shooting.

Inhabited area for:        
150-200 years   

Population size 2020:    
Varies depending on landowner positions that keep changing

Current position:          
Add hoc management mainly using aerial shooting.

Culling methods:          
Ad hoc management mainly using aerial shooting.

Stakeholder Groups:     
Wild Horses of the Kimberley’s
Private small rehomer

ABA lobby position:      
Aim to retain small Brumby populations in their historic areas and managed by passive trapping, fertility control and rehoming where possible.

NORTHERN TERRITORY (NT) 

Managed by & link:      
Ad hoc management mainly using aerial shooting.

Current Brumby plan:   
Ad hoc management mainly using aerial shooting.

Inhabited area for:        
150-200 years

Population size 2020:    
Several population locations in the 100s

Current position:          
Ad hoc management mainly using aerial shooting.

Culling methods:          
Ad hoc management mainly using aerial shooting.

Stakeholder Groups:     
Small private rehoming occurs spasmodically

ABA lobby position:      
Aim to retain small Brumby populations in their historic areas and managed by passive trapping, fertility control and rehoming where possible.

TASMANIA

(No Brumby populations)

AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY (ACT)

(Zero Brumby tolerance)

Managed by:      
ACT Environment Minister has decreed the zero Brumby policy.

Current Brumby plan:   
Kill all Brumbies found in the ACT

Inhabited area for:        
150 years up to serious wild fire, since then any Brumby found is killed.

Population size 2020:    
Previously small number but now there are no Brumbies in the ACT

Current position:          
Any Brumby found in the ACT is killed.

Culling methods:          
Trap and euthanatize or ground shooting all brumbies found.

Stakeholder Groups:     
None that we know of

ABA lobby position:      
Managed by passive trapping and rehoming since numbers are so low.

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